“Ham rukhe tukade khayenge, Bharat par ware jayenge. Ham Sukhe Chane Chabayenge, Bharat ki baat batayenge.Ham nange umar bitayenge, Bharat par jan mitayenge.”
Life of Bhagat Singh is an “epitome of sacrifice.”At such an early age his selfless action devoted completely to free India from the oppressive Foreign rule signifies it.
Born on 28th sept 1907, to Kishen Singh and Vidyavati Kaur, his father himself being freedom fighter it was natural for him to have semblance of it, but even during his childhood days he questioned and reasoned every act of his father if he felt he was wrong.
In his book Without Fear – The Life and trial of Bhagat singh, the author traces various events upto his pronouncement of death.
In 1924, joined as a active member of Hindustan Republic Associaton and working for it Bhagat singh instilled him in the idea that no “Freedom is complete without economic freedom” and the only way to achieve it is through revolution.
(Later HSA was changed into HSRA– Hindustan Socialistic Republic Association).
One such event which was Catalyst to various other was protest and death of Lala Lajpat Rai(Lion of Punjab) against Simon Commission in 1928.
To avenge the death of their leader they planned to kill the deputy superintendent of police at that time J.A.Scott( on whose lathi charge Lala Lajpat Rai suffered grievous injury and died) instead by mistake they killed J.P.Saunders assistant superintendent of police.
The bravery did not stop here, the oppression they felt was increasing day by day and another event that angered them even more was the passage of Public Safety Bill and Trade disputes bill, the former to arrest anyone at will and the later to absolve any labour union detrimental to the Masters.
The assembly bombings that followed to protest against the bill was as described was not to kill anyone but was “loudest noise to make the deaf hear”.
The discriminatory constitution of tribunal for the trial and thier protest for not of fear of death, but the process.
Even in prison the hunger strikes for prison reform and other numerous sacrifice was an interesting read.
The diametrically opposite view of Bhagat Singh and Mahatma Gandhi, the formers belief in revolution and the latter’s in non-violence was intresting to analyse in comparative terms.
Finally, the empahsis of Bhagat Singh on how Revolution differs from terrorism, revolution being act of defiance not violence where as terrorism being personal revenge against a particular person. Also , why he is an Atheist” and likes to question the “status quo” bodes of the personality.
Personally, at times, while reading this book, i felt negationism( you can refer pg.68-69 in RSS 360- Demystifying Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) in authors tone, as if Bhagat Singh larger interest was in promoting particular ideology, rather than the ultimate objective of India’s Independence.
However, the sacrifice of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru on 23 March 1931, for Indian Independence will be remembered forever.
“Kabhi woh din bhi ayega, ke jab azad hum honge, Yeh apni zamin hogi, Yeh apna hi asaman hoga. Sahidon ki chitaon par, Lagenge har baar mele, Watan par marne walo ka Yahi nam -o- nishan hoga.”
ABOUT THE AUTHOR : KULDEEP NAYAR journalist, author, diplomat and parliamentarian.
PUBLISHER: HarperCollins India.